Header: Justice - Government of Newfoundland & Labrador - Interjurisdictional Support Orders. Photo: © 2006 Jupiterimages Corporation.

Glossary

Age of Majority

The age of majority refers to the legal definition of a “child.” In NL, the age of majority is 19. Other provinces and countries may have a different age of majority.

Provinces where the age of majority is 18:

  • Alberta
  • Manitoba
  • Ontario
  • Prince Edward Island
  • Quebec
  • Saskatchewan

Provinces and territories where the age of majority is 19:

  • British Columbia
  • New Brunswick
  • Newfoundland and Labrador
  • Northwest Territories
  • Nova Scotia
  • Nunavut
  • Yukon
Applicant
The person applying to change a support order or written agreement.
Arrears
Maintenance or support that has not been paid.
Certified Copy
The court that makes an order keeps the original order signed by the judge. A certified copy is a copy made by the court from the original order. It has a stamp on it saying it is certified by the court. The stamp has an original signature from a court official.
Child Support Guidelines
Set of rules and table used to calculate the amount of child support that one parent must pay to the other parent after separation or divorce. There are federal guidelines, and one for each of the Canadian provinces and territories. Many foreign countries also have their own guidelines.
Claimant
The person who does not have a support order and is applying to establish a support order.
Designated Authority
The body or office in a Canadian province or territory that is responsible for receiving and sending support applications and orders under the Interjurisdictional Support Orders Act (ISO). In NL, the Support Enforcement Program carries out these functions.
Provisional Order
A support order made in NL or a reciprocating jurisdiction that has no effect until confirmed by a court in another reciprocating jurisdiction.
Reciprocating Jurisdiction
Newfoundland & Labrador has reciprocal agreements with all the Canadian provinces and territories, and with several foreign countries. These are reciprocating jurisdictions. This means that NL and each of the reciprocating jurisdictions have agreed to recognize the family support (maintenance) orders and agreements made in the other place. An order or written agreement made in one place is ‘good’ in the other.
Respondent
The person responding to an application.
Special or Extraordinary Expenses (also called Section 7 expenses)
Additional payments to the base child support amount that are for expenses such as a child’s education, medical, dental, childcare or extracurricular activities.
Support (also called maintenance)
There are two types: child and spousal. Child support is money that a parent (the person who does not have custody or primary parenting time for the child) pays to the other parent to support a child. Spousal support is money that a spouse pays to a former spouse for financial support.
Support Order
A court order stating child and/or spousal support payments that one party must pay to the other.
Written Agreement
An agreement stating child and/or spousal support payments that one party must pay to the other, which is signed by both parties and filed in court.