Child and spousal support (when one person lives outside Newfoundland and Labrador)
Under the Interjurisdictional Support Orders Act (called “ISO” for short) Newfoundland and Labrador has agreements with all Canadian provinces and territories and several countries to recognize and enforce support orders and agreements made in each other’s place. These places are known as ‘reciprocating jurisdictions’:
Getting or changing a support order
Getting or changing a child and spousal support order can be challenging if you and the other parent or spouse live in different provinces, territories or countries. The place or reciprocating jurisdiction where each person lives has its own laws regarding family support making these cases interjurisdictional.
Using ISO, you can make an application to get a new support order or change an existing one in a reciprocating jurisdiction where the other person lives without having to go there. A person living in one of the reciprocating jurisdictions can do the same thing. The person making the application does not usually have to go to court – the person in the reciprocating jurisdiction responding to the application goes to court.
On March 1, 2021, Canada’s Divorce Act changed its rules for former spouses who were divorced in Canada and want to apply to get or change a support order. If your ex-spouse lives in another province or territory in Canada, you can now start an application process similar to ISO. Many of the forms you use for the interjurisdictional process under the Divorce Act are the same as ISO.
Speak to a lawyer for advice about which law best applies in your situation.